Figs are rare fruit trees. Fig is a fruit that is used for both food and medicine, and it is a fresh fruit that can be directly eaten. It has high nutritional value and contains a lot of vitamin A, vitamin C and other substances. Regular consumption is good for health. Figs are used medicinally, and the fruit is used as a medicine for coughing and asthma, sore throat, and constipation. The leaves and roots are used in medicine to treat intestinal inflammation and diarrhea. Therefore, the whole fig plant is a treasure and becomes a familiar fruit. It sells well in farmers’ markets and fruit stores. It should be planted on a large scale. Today, let’s learn how to grow figs!
A、The choice of planting site
According to the ecological habits of figs, it is more like warm, moist, and sunny environment. Therefore, we need to choose a deep, fertile, well-drained sandy loam soil. Or humus loam is good. We can build a base for centralized planting. Can also be planted in the corner gaps, courtyard open space sporadically.
B、Before planting the land preparation
Concentrated planting plots can be fully reclaimed before the previous winter. Then the natural weathering, until the beginning of spring and then tilled and broken soil, leveling. Then dig holes at a distance of 2 meters between plants and 3 meters between rows. The diameter and depth of the holes are 50 cm each. Apply 20 kg of soil fertilizer per hole to mix with the soil and leave it to sink for planting.
C、The planting of figs
Figs generally planted in the fall and winter to the following spring before sprouting. First, we dig up the root with soil mass cuttings, each hole planted into a plant. Then, we plant the fig with the seedlings planted firmly. Finally, we need to fill the soil and compact it and water it thoroughly with rooting water. Figs need us to keep them moist every day until they become established.
Fig young garden, need to be in the spring, summer and winter, each a mid-tillage weeding. Winter tillage and with the cultivation of soil to help prevent cold. Adult fig orchard, in the middle of plowing at the same time, the summer to cover grass. This can prevent weed growth, but also to prevent drought and moisture. This is conducive to fig growth and development of flowering fruit.
E、Good drainage and irrigation water
In the early spring season, as well as during the rapid growth of fruit figs need to do a good job of reasonable irrigation. But in the rainy season should be timely ditching and drainage.
The application amount of young fig trees, each plant to 15 kg of well-rotted soil fertilizer, urea 60 grams, calcium superphosphate 110 grams, potassium sulfate 25 grams.
The amount of fertilizer for mature fruit trees, 30 kg of cooked soil fertilizer, 100 grams of urea, 250 grams of calcium superphosphate, 50 grams of potassium sulfate per plant.
G、Plastic and pruning
For fig shaping, we need to set the stem at 16 cm above the ground. At the same time, we need to keep five main branches with different growth directions to form the crown. However, it is not appropriate to over-density in the fig canopy. Therefore, we thinning pruning to be light, the dead branches of the winter frost should be more timely cut out.
Fig’s main pest is mulberry aspen. The insect bites the bark, young leaves and shoots. And cavity into the branch down to eat. So that the plant growth is weak, serious will lead to the death of the branch trunk.
The main methods of prevention and treatment are as follows: ① Artificially trap and kill the adult insects when they occur. ②When the larvae moths into the stem or branch, we can judge where the larvae are based on the excrement. Then, the original solution of dichlorvos dipped in cotton balls plugged into the new excretion hole poisoning. ③ Biological control with aspergillus swollen leg wasp to control the larvae.
Fig’s main disease is anthracnose. The disease is a serious harm fig disease.
Prevention and treatment methods are mainly the following: ① we need to strengthen the cultivation management. This will make the plant strong and healthy, thus improving disease resistance. ② Spray Bordeaux solution before the onset of the disease. ③We need to cut and burn the diseased branches in time.
J、The harvesting of figs
Fig harvesting, to harvest in stages is most appropriate. When the small hole on the top of the fruit gradually split, the skin of the fruit with obvious and easy to see reticulation, this time to harvest the fruit, the most suitable. For the outbound sales of figs, we generally pick 2 days before the completion of ripening. It is best to pick the fruit in the morning.
Same day shipping, same day marketable for sale. Or evening picking fruit, the next morning transport, and timely transport to the sales of sales. Strive for time, sell a good price. In the near origin of fresh fruit sales of figs, it is appropriate to be fully ripe after picking. Harvesting with a hand pinch near the base of the fruit stalk, gently lift up a pick down, the fruit into the shallow wooden box can be laid in soft materials.